The nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) battery was first developed in the late 1980s by a team of researchers at the University of Texas at Austin. The team was led by Dr. Stan Whittingham, who had previously worked on the development of the lithium-ion battery. The NiMH battery was the first rechargeable battery to use a metal hydride as the negative electrode material, instead of the traditional lead-acid or nickel-cadmium batteries. This new technology allowed for higher energy densities and longer cycle life than the traditional batteries.
Typical Use #
NiMH batteries are commonly used in consumer electronics, such as digital cameras, camcorders, portable media players, and laptop computers. They are also used in some electric vehicles, such as hybrid cars and electric scooters. NiMH batteries are also used in some medical devices, such as pacemakers and hearing aids.
NiMH batteries are composed of a positive electrode made of nickel oxyhydroxide, a negative electrode made of a metal hydride, and an electrolyte solution. The positive and negative electrodes are separated by a separator material, which allows the ions to move between the electrodes. The electrolyte solution is typically a mixture of potassium hydroxide and water.
The NiMH battery is designed to be recharged multiple times. During the charging process, the positive electrode releases electrons, which are then stored in the negative electrode. During the discharging process, the electrons are released from the negative electrode and travel to the positive electrode. This process is repeated until the battery is fully discharged.
The NiMH battery is designed to be more efficient than traditional batteries. It has a higher energy density, meaning it can store more energy in a smaller package. It also has a longer cycle life, meaning it can be recharged and discharged more times before it needs to be replaced. This makes it ideal for applications that require frequent recharging, such as electric vehicles.